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The Book in PDF

Black & White Edition in U.S.A
Arctic Heats Up.
Spitsbergen 1919 to 1939

Colored Edition in Europe
How Spitsbergen Heats the World
The Arctic Warming 1919-1939
Ca.116 pages and 100 b/w figures. More details in right column. Ca. 116 pages and 100 color figures. Details see column.
 
The ‘Special Pages’ are not integrated in the HMTL presentation below.

Contents
Chapter 1 REVIEWING THE PAST TO UNDERSTAND THE FUTURE -AN INTRODUCTION
A. ARCTIC WARMING – WHAT WARMING?
B. THE ARCTIC IS SCREAMING?
C. TIPPING POINT, CLIMATIC REVOLUTION, APOCALYPSE NOW
Chapter 2 THE ARCTIC IN CLIMATOLOGY
A. THE GENERAL PICTURE
a) Remote but influential
b) A climate revolution in the Arctic?
B. A CLIMATIC REVOLUTION AT SPITSBERGEN AND THE FIRST ASSESSMENTS
C. THE EARLY ARCTIC WARMING AND MODERN ASSESSMENTS
D. WHAT IS UP FOR DISCUSSION?
a) The objective of this investigation
b) WHERE?
c) WHEN?
d) WHY?
E. EXPECTED RESULTS
Chapter 3 SPITSBERGEN TEMPERATURE ROCKETING
A. FACTUAL ASPECTS
a) A rocket rise
b) Scope of data and other investigation sources
c) Which data used are promising
B. THE HEATING UP OF SPITSBERGEN
a) A sudden shift
b) Spitsbergen in comments between 1930 and 1982
c) How does modern science talk about Spitsbergen event?
C. WHAT TO MAKE OUT OF THE BIG RISE?
Chapter 4 REGIONAL IMPACT OF THE SPITSBERGEN WARMING
A. INTRODUCTION TO WHEN & WHERE
B. THE REGIONAL FEATURE WITH FOUR SEA WATER BODIES
a) Arctic Ocean
b) Greenland Sea
c) Norwegian Sea
d) Barents Sea
C. SUMMARY
Chapter 5 THE WARMING EVENT IN DETAILS
A. EXCEPTIONAL TEMPERATURES RISE
B. DISTANT WARMING
C. IS OCEAN WARMING ASCERTAINABLE?
D. THE INFLUENTIAL REGIONS
a) Arctic Ocean
b) Greenland
c) Sub-polar North Atlantic
d) Barents Sea
e) Europe
E. SPITSBERGEN AS A HEATING SPOT
F. SUMMARY
Chapter 6 HOW IS THE AGITATION IN THE ARCTIC EXPLAINED?
A. CAN A ‘CLIMATIC REVOLUTION’ BE ANALYSED?
a) Are the IPCC Reports of any help?
b) Is ‘Chaos’ a hindrance?
c) The Arctic, Al Gore and better understanding
d) Any analysis is to be based on ocean impact
B. RECENT FINDINGS IN ARCTIC RESEARCH
C. THE ISSUES DEBATED BY ARCTIC SCIENCE
a) The ignorance of older research
b) About the suddenness of the early event
c) Circulation variations – Brooks Question 1938
d) The non sensual use of “natural variability”
D. SUMMARY
Chapter 7 WHERE DID THE EARLY ARCTIC WARMING ORIGINATE?
A. SUGGESTED FORCING MECHANISM
a) An introduction with a lecture given in 1935
b) Slow change in ocean circulation – Oceans interaction
c) The wind induced Arctic warming
d) Any other suggestions?
B. WARM ATLANTIC WATER OF SPITSBERGEN
Chapter 8 CAUSED NAVAL WAR THE ARCTIC WARMING?
A. WHICH ARE THE POTENTIAL FORCES AVAILABLE?
B. NAVAL WAR, A FORCE TO RECON
C. FORCING POTENTIAL OF NAVAL WAR DURING WWI
D. THE CONNECTION BETWEEN NAVAL WAR AND THE ARCTIC WARMING
E. THE SYSTEM SHIFT
F. SUMMING UP
Chapter 9 CONCLUSION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
BIBLIOGRAPHY
LIST OF IMAGES
LIST OF SPECIAL PAGES
Book details

U.S.A. Edition in B/W



Details will be presented soon

Europe Edition in Color

  • About the book
    The ice in the polar region is melting away at an unprecedented speed during the last decade. Is the Arctic screaming? Is a tipping point reached? Is the ice melting apocalyptic? Indeed, during the last 150 years the sea ice retreat has never been as severe as in recent years. But, what is the cause? Was the current warming set in motion by the early Arctic warming which started since the late 1910s, and lasted from 1919 to 1939?
    The book will provide astonishing, but important answers. Actually, the extraordinary warming in the polar region, since 1919, was not an Arctic, but a Spitsbergen warming. The study shows that it is possible to set with precision the location and timing of the warming. Available information of the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Iceland, North Europe, and Russia are analyzed in order to establish with accuracy, where and when the warming appeared, and by which magnitude. After all, the warming lasted for two decades and was in 1938 as high as currently. Thus, the investigation provides a unique picture on the knowledge about the Arctic impact on the climate.
    This work elaborates historical and resent research papers comprehensively and discusses them in such detail that seems no longer possible to assume that the earlier Arctic warming is due to “natural variability”. Calling the ice melting an: “Apocalypse Now”, should be met with reservation, as long as the first Arctic warming from 1919 to 1939 is not thoroughly understood. With the material and information presented, the climate change debate will be enhanced with astonishing new aspects.
  • Publisher
  • The ice in the polar region is melting away at an unprecedented speed during the last decade. Is the Arctic screaming? Is a tipping point reached? Is the ice melting apocalyptic? Indeed, during the last 150 years the sea ice retreat has never been as severe as in recent years. But, what is the cause? Was the current warming set in motion by the early Arctic warming which started since the late 1910s, and lasted from 1919 to 1939?
    The book will provide astonishing, but important answers. Actually, the extraordinary warming in the polar region, since 1919, was not an Arctic, but a Spitsbergen warming. The study shows that it is possible to set with precision the location and timing of the warming. Available information of the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Iceland, North Europe, and Russia are analyzed in order to establish with accuracy, where and when the warming appeared, and by which magnitude. After all, the warming lasted for two decades and was in 1938 as high as currently. Thus, the investigation provides a unique picture on the knowledge about the Arctic impact on the climate.
    This work elaborates historical and resent research papers comprehensively and discusses them in such detail that seems no longer possible to assume that the earlier Arctic warming is due to “natural variability”. Calling the ice melting an: “Apocalypse Now”, should be met with reservation, as long as the first Arctic warming from 1919 to 1939 is not thoroughly understood. With the material and information presented, the climate change debate will be enhanced with astonishing new aspects.
  • Order; ca. Price
  • · Via major internet book shops
    · ISBN 978-3-8370-9524-1
    · About Euro 19,80
  • Acknowledgement
  • This book would not have been possible without the invaluable help and commitment from Angela Boartes. The liaison commenced in 2006 and includes the care for the websites www.whatisclimate.com and www.arctic-warming.com. Arctic warming became the first big challenge by preparing a conference paper for PACON 2007/Honolulu and a website, and Angela supported it greatly. When it was decided to present the complex matter in great detail and underline the text with explanatory images, Angela and her team showed high professionalism and willingness. It made the research, the elaborating of material, and the writing a smooth and enjoyable undertaking. Angela also undertook all the formatting and publication procedure. With appreciation I express my very cordial thanks.

    Arnd Bernaerts/February 2009
  • Note about the Editions
  • The various website and book presentations are all based on the same text. However some differences may occur due to changes and modification, which will not always be done to all available versions, or not at the same time, or it is not reasonable possible. The version to be regarded as the most updated text are the PDF-files of the Europe Color Edition at the Home-Page, left column.
  • About us
Access to previous Material Access to related sites
Recent papers since 2007

20th PACON Conf. 2007
"CAN THE "BIG WARMING" AT SPITSBERGEN
FROM 1918 to 1940 BE EXPLAINED?"
CD-ROM. Pages: 325-337.
DOC PDF

Conf. Paper with Figures
In English
» DOC » PDF
In French
» PDF » HTML
In Russian
» PDF » HTML
In Polish
» PDF » HTML
In German
» PDF » HTML

Annex

Annex B I - Colored Sea Ice graphs 1910-1919
Annex F - Air Temp. 1912-1930; North Atlantic Region.
Annex G - Annual Mean Temp

General Material
  • April Sea Ice Cover 1910 –1919.
  • January & February Temperatures 1912 to 1930 at various stations.
  • Annual Mean Temperatures from ca. 1880 to 1945 at various stations.