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Trafford Publishing - Bloomington, Indiana, USA.
A Scientific Assessment

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20 January 2015

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Satellite images and Juno-January-2015 Blizzard
demonstrate ocean supremacy
Posted by Dr. Arnd Bernaerts, 30 January 2015

Titled “Freshwater Oceans at Work” Jeff Id published on 8. January at his blog “Air Vent) an NASA satellite image demonstrating the “lake effect” in case of the Great Lakes, (see first image), with the remark; “… this really cool MODIS picture of the great lakes dumping mounds of global warming in our back yard.” Nicely said to a world that has difficulties to understand and discuss weather and climate change matters.
Climate science seems even incapable to come up and work with a reasonable climate definition,
as discussed at:

My immediate impression was a bit different as the Great Lake image is a quite good example demonstrating the role of seas and oceans in climate affairs, and expressed this by submitting a comment, which reads as follows:

ArndB said
January 9, 2015 at 6:08 am

Impressive image! From size and volume are the Great Lakes a drop of the size and volume of the world oceans. May be it is time to define climate as an ocean matter, for example:
“Climate is the continuation of the oceans by other means”, as expressed in an
__”Open Letter on Climate change Legislation”
here on 13. November 2009: ,
and discussed here:


How does it work? Cloud streets—long parallel bands of cumulus clouds form when cold air blows over warmer waters and a warmer air layer (temperature inversion) rests over the top of both. The comparatively warm water gives up heat and moisture to the cold air above, and columns of heated air called thermals naturally rise through the atmosphere. The temperature  inversion acts like a lid. When the rising thermals hit it, they roll over and loop back on themselves, creating parallel cylinders of rotating air. As this happens, the moisture cools and condenses into flat-bottomed, fluffy-topped cumulus clouds that line up parallel to the direction of the prevailing winds.

Warm Water and Cold Air
The Science Behind Lake-Effect Snow

Imagine driving on the New York State Thruway south of Buffalo, N.Y., on a bright winter day as the skies darken and ominous clouds build in the distance. Suddenly, a “wall of white” appears several hundred yards ahead and a blizzard of heavy snowfall obscures everything in your path. You inch forward through the blizzard until you arrive on the other side – where skies once again turn sunny.

Anyone who lives in the Great Lakes region (especially those living along the eastern and southern shorelines) is familiar with this unique type of winter weather. This heavily localized snowfall, known as lake-effect snow, is most common from November to February. The winter weather phenomenon is capable of whiting out large sections of the Great Lakes region, from South Bend, Ind., to Buffalo. Towns and cities at higher elevations can expect even larger amounts of lake-effect snow.
Extract from:

 To show the immense impact of continental cold air over warm sea and ocean areas here are four examples – with further images after the next section about the recent




US Atlantic coast, Feb.2011 (3)

 US Atlantic coast, Dec. 2010 (4)

Black Sea, Jan. 2015 (5)

   Sea of Japan, Jan. 2014 (6)

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No "Juno Blizzard" without the sea
Juno-January-2015 Blizzard indicates ocean supremacy.   



26. January 2015 (10)

27. January 2015 (11)

27. January 2015 (12)

27. January 2015 (13)





27. January 2015 (14)

27. January 2015 (15)27. January 2015 (15)

28. January 2015 (16)

28 January 2015 (17)


Nor'easter Pounds New England (01/27/15)
- text by togehter with image at left -
Vast swaths of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Maine, and Long Island (NY) were blanketed with 15 to 25 inches (40 to 60 centimeters) of snow as of midday on January 27, 2015, and snow was expected to continue into January 28. Sustained winds reached gale force, with hurricane-force gusts along the coastlines. Storm surges sent ice and water into the streets of Scituate and Nantucket, Massachusetts. Many New England towns, including the city of Boston, were expected to approach all-time snowfall records. - acquired January 27, 2015
27. January 2015 (18)

 Link to text

29. January 2015 (19)

30 January 2015 (20)

"Lake effect" satellite images
demonstrate ocean supremacy

On a short term basis up to 80% of all aerial vapor is oceanic, having a lifetime
of about 10 days. On a long term the oceans water supply to the atmosphere is almost 100%. Oceans generate vapor at any time, but most is neither visible by eyes nor with technical means as radar and satellite. Most easily to observe is a tropical cyclone (e.g. hurricane, typhoon), which is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain. This applies generally to all cyclone depression, which occur everywhere around the globe. On a much lower intensity once and a while large scale “lake effects” can be observed from orbit, which serve as a fine demonstration how decisive oceanic evaporation is in the weather and climate system.  

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US east coast 07.Jan.2014 (32)

NE-Baltic 03.Feb. 2012 (33)

Caspian Sea 07. Jan. 2008 (34)




Gulf of Finland in early February 2012 (35, 36, 37)

Just the “lake effect” without further references




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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxOlder Contribution xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

D-Day in June 1944 followed by worst summer storm,
which m
eteorology did not expected, reckon, or is able to explain!
First posted : , April 2010 
Revised and posted here: 17. June 2013 (co_7-4)

Continue reading→→→

Cold spring 2013 in NW-Europe will last through May.
The Atlantic & North Sea factor. 
Posted: 2. May 2013 (co_8-4):  
Continue reading  →→→  

'Urgent' need to see if Arctic affects UK extreme cold? No!
MetOffice should investigate the impact of human activities in the North- and Baltic Sea !

Posted: 11. April 2013 (co 9-4)  
Continue reading →→→  

The cold March 2013 and any anthropogenic contribution
needs to be investigated and explained!
 Further posts at: Home (see below)
Material on winter 2012/13 and discussion



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